- Csanady, G.T. (1973),
Turbulent Diffusion in the Environment, D. Reidel Publishing
Company, Dordrecht, Holland.
Fischer, H.B., List, E.G., Koh, R.C.Y., Imberger, J. & Brooks,
Mixing in Inland and Coastal Waters, Academic Press, New
- Kundu, P.K. & Cohen, I.M.
Fluid Mechanics, 2nd Edition, Academic Press, San Diego,
- Mei, C.C. (1997),
Mathematical Analysis in Engineering, Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge, England.
- Rutherford, J.C. (1994),
River Mixing, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England.
- van Dyke, M. (1982),
An Album of Fluid Motion, The Parabolic Press, Stanford,
- Wetzel, R.G. (1983),
Limnology, Saunders Press, Philadelphia, PA.
Fluid Mechanics at MIT
This is a consortium of courses offered at MIT in the
field of Fluid Mechanics. The goal of the fluid mechanics
web page is to, "develop a coordinated sequence of modular
subjects to be used by graduate students from different
departments, in order to reduce unnecessary overlap and to
increase interdisciplinary exchanges."
Environmental Fluid Dynamics Program at ASU
This is a website dedicated to research programs in
Environmental Fluid Dynamics at the Arizona State University.
Prof. H.J.S. Fernando, the program is involved in
experimental (laboratory and field measurements) and numerical
investigations in Atmospheric, Oceanographic, and
multi-disciplinary Fluid Mechanics, as well as Fundamental
Hydrodynamics. A wealth of images and technical
information is available at the site.
University of Iowa Fluids Laboratory
A site dedicated to numerical and laboratory experiments
in fluid mechanics with many demos and explanatory texts (most
in PDF format).
A comprehensive web-site dedicated to fluids research.
EFM Image and Animation Galleries
Dynamic Reservoir Water Quality Model.
One-dimensional hydrodynamics model for predicting the vertical
distribution of temperature, salinity, and density in lakes and
Enhanced Stream Water Quality Model. One-dimensional
steady-flow river water quality model that simulates nutrient
cycles, algal production, benthic and carbonaceous demand,
atmospheric reaeration and their effects on the dissolved oxygen
Hydrological Simulation Program - Fortran. Continuous
simulation watershed water quality model based on the Stanford
Watershed Model. Allows point source and non-point source
contaminant loading prediction and simulates riverine transport
by tanks in series.
Stormwater Management Model. Modular modeling system for
urban watershed runoff prediction and water quality simulation.
Can compute the dynamic St. Venant equations and allows for
pressurized pipe flow, but cannot compute contaminant transport
with dynamic flow equations.
One-dimensional, dynamic flow and water quality model for
streams. Solves the fully-dynamic one-dimensional St.
Venant equations and contaminant transport using the
Holly-Preissman method of characteristics.
The ATV Water Quality Model. Also called the AVG model (Allgemein
verfügbares Gewässergütemodell). A modular system of
models to compute dynamic one-dimensional hydrodynamics and
water quality simulations. Similar capability to QUAL2E
with added dynamic ability. Also simulates sediment
transport, pH dynamics, heavy metals and organic chemicals.
Cornell Mixing-zone Model. Integral jet, plume, and
buoyant jet model for predicting near-field mixing of
single-port and multi-port bottom discharges or buoyant surface
discharges. Solves one-dimensional integral equations but
allows for three-dimensional trajectory of the contaminant
center-line in unsteady ambient flow conditions.
Water Qualitiy Analysis Simulation Program. A generalized
framework for modeling contaminant fate and transport in surface
waters. Based on the flexible compartment modeling
approach, WASP can be applied in one, two, or three dimensions.
Princeton Ocean Model. A three dimensional ocean and
estuary model using the sigma coordinate system in the vertical,
an imbedded second-moment turbulence closure sub-model to
provide vertical mixing coefficients, and curvilinear orthogonal
horizontal coordinates. Uses a short time step for the
external (barotropic) model and a long time step for the
internal (baroclinic) mode.
Estuarine, Coastal, and Ocean Model. An extension of the
POM model, ECOM-si is a three-dimensional ocean circulation
model that incorporates a semi-implicit scheme for solving the
gravity wave so that the need for separate barotropic and
baroclinic time steps is eliminated. Information is also
available at the
This material is based upon work
supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No.
CTS-0348572. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or
recommendations expressed in this material are those of the
author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National
Science Foundation (NSF).