OCEN 677

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Instructor

Dr. Scott A. Socolofsky,
Professor

Office

DLEB 309I
Office Hours

Course Meeting Times

TR 9:35-10:50 in
RICH 1009 and via TTVN

Contact

Ph +1-979-845-4517
socolofs@tamu.edu

Calendar

The following table presents a tentative course calendar for Fall 2016.

Reading materials are taken from three sources:

Reading should be completed before the indicted lecture.

In addition to the weekly class meeting times, two important dates should be noted:

LEC #

   

Topic

   

Reading
Assignment

1

   

Introduction: What is EFM? Concentration, Units of Measure, and Conservation of Mass

   

S1.1
C1-2
F V1 1

2

   

Mass Flux and Fick's Law.

[Animation: Random walk diffusion animation]

[Lecture Video: Fick's Law]

   

S1.2
C3.1-3.2

3

   

Fluid Mechanics Review: Density, Hydrostatics, and the Dynamic Equations of Fluid Motion

   

S8

4

   

Advective, Reacting Diffusion Equation

[Animation: Advection-diffusion]

[Lecture Videos: Fluids Review, Pressure, Boussinesq Approximation, Vorticity Equation, Stratificationand the Buoyancy Frequency, Non-dimensional Numbers, ARD Equation]

   

S1.2, 2.1, 4.1-4.3
C3.2

5

 

Integral Solutions -- Reaction Kinetics and Continuously Stirred Tank Reactors

[Resources: US ACE Engineering Manual EM 1110-2-1206, Barber and Wearing (2004)]

   

Lecture Downloads

6

   

Self-Similarity Solution for an Instantaneous Point Source in 1D

   

S1.3
C3.3

7a

 

Initial Spatial Distributions; Fixed Concentration Solutions; Solutions in 2D and 3D; Image Source Method

   

S2
C3.3

7b

   

Initial Spatial Distributions; Fixed Concentration Solutions; Solutions in 2D and 3D; Image Source Method, Continued

[Animation of Image Source Method; no-flux boundary]

   

S2
C3.3

8

   

Properties of Turbulence

   

S3.1
C3.5
F V1 20

9

 

Reynolds Decomposition and Taylor's Theorem of Turbulent Diffusion

   

S3.1
C3.5

10

   

Taylor Dispersion

[Resources: Cowaselon Creek Dye Study]

   

S3.2
C4.1-4.2
F V2 16

11

 

Evaluating Dispersion Coefficients

[Animations: shear dispersion at early times; shear dispersion at late times]

[Lecture Videos: Dispersion Part 1;
Dispersion Part 2]

   

S3.3-3.4
C4.2

12

   

Lake Dynamics and Mixing

   

S9
C7

13

 

Lake, Estuary, and Ocean Mixing: Richardson 4/3-Law for Mixing and Diffusion in Large Domains

   

S9
C7.1-7.2
F V1 13

--

   

Appendix (we will skip this lecture)

Stratified Mixing: Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability and the Richardson Number

[See also Zaron and Moum (2009)]

[Lecture Video: KH_Instability]

   

S11

14

 

Boundary Exchange: The Air/Water and Sediment/Water Interface

   

S5.1

15

   

Mass Transfer Velocity and the Surface Renewal Models

[Resources: Lorke & Peeters (2006)]

[Lecture Video: Mass Transfer Models]

   

S5.1-5.2
F V1 36

16

 

October 24, 2017 - Exam 1. Solutions to the Advective, Reacting Diffusion Equation

[Video: Exam Review]

   

--

17

   

Bubbles, Drops, and Particles

[Resources: Richter and Veron (2016) article on Ocean Spray]

[Lecture Video: Particles]

   

F V1 32
F V2 5

18

 

Mass Transfer as a Homogeneous Reaction

   

S4.3

19

   

Groundwater Flow

   

C5.1-5.4

20

 

Groundwater Transport: Concentration, Reactions, and Retardation

[Lecture Video: Groundwater Transport]

   

C5.5

21

   

Atmospheric Mixing

   

S6.1-6.2

22

 

Chemical Transport in the Atmosphere

   

S6.3
F V2 12

23

   

Jets and Plumes

   

C9.1-9.2
F V1 25

24

 

Outfall Design

   

C9.2
F V2 17

25

   

November 28, 2017 - Exam 2. Boundary Exchange, Groundwater, and Atmospheric Mixing

[Video: Exam Review]

   

--

26

 

Case Study: Fukushima Accident

[Resources: Hirose et al. (2016), Lin et al. (2015), Marzo (2014), Rypina et al. (2014), Srinivas et al. (2012), and Yoshida et al. (2015)]

[Lecture Video: Fukushima Accident]

   

See lecture notes and linked resources

27

   

Case Study: Deepwater Horizon Accident

[Resources: Chan et al. (2014), Ryerson et al. (2011), Socolofsky et al. (2011)]

   

See lecture notes and linked resources

--

 

December 8. 2017 - Final Projects Due. 12:30-2:30 in RICH 1009

   

--

 

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CTS-0348572. Any opinions, finds and conclusions or recommendations in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation (NSF).